Blog

Vihiga County – 038

Vihiga County – 038
Geographical:

Vihiga County number 038 is situated in Western Kenya and borders Kakamega County to the North, Nandi County to the East, Kisumu County to the South, and Siaya County to the West.

Area:

It covers an area of 530.9Km2.

Capital:

Its capital is Mbale town.

Population:

According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population was 554,622 with a population density of 1,045 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 3.3%.  Age Distribution was; 0-14 years 44.2% with the economically productive age of 15-64 years standing at 49.4% and over 65 years at 6.1%.

Climate:

It has an annual average rainfall of between 1,800mm and 2,000mm with an average temperature of 240C.

Road network:

The total road network in the County is 662.3Km with bitumen surface covering 135Km, Gravel Surface extending 212.3Km and Earth Surface occupying 315Km.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 396 Primary schools with an enrolment of 180,112 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:45 and 117 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 36,413 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:31.

Tertiary institutions in the county are more than 10.

Financial services:

4 Commercial Banks and 1 Micro-Finance Institution provides the people with financial services. 

Health:

Vihiga County has 78 health facilities with 1 District Hospital, 30 Dispensaries, 22 Health Centres, 19 Medical Clinics, 2 nursing homes and 4 others.

The most prevalent diseases in the county are malaria, respiratory tract infections and pneumonia.

Notable Hospitals: Vihiga District Hospital, Emuhaya and Hamisi Health Centres.

Tourist attractions:

The only attraction in the County is the “Hill of Vision”.


ECONOMY

The major economic activity is agriculture characterized by dairy farming and growing of maize, tea, millet and cassava.


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           WILBER KHASILWA OTTICHILO

DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :           PATRICK SAISI LUMUMBA

SENATOR                                           :           GEORGE KHANIRI

WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           BEATRICE KAHAI ADAGALA

Vihiga County has five (5) constituencies and 25 electoral wards. Hamisi has the highest number of wards with 7, followed by Sabatia with 6, Luanda 5, Vihiga 4 while Emuhaya Constituency has the least with 3 wards.

Uasin Gishu County – 027

Uasin Gishu County – 027
Geographical:

Uasin Gishu County number 027 is situated in the mid west of Kenya’s Rift Valley and shares common borders with Trans Nzoia County to the North, Elgeyo Marakwet County to the East, Baringo County to the South East, Kericho County to the South, Nandi County to the South West and Kakamega County to the North West.

It lies between Longitudes 340 50‟ East and 350 37‟ West and Latitudes 00 03‟ South and 00 55‟ North.

The county is named after the Ilwuasinkishu Maasai clan who initially used the area for grazing. It is also home to Kenya’s Deputy President William Samoei Ruto.

Area:

It covers an area of 3,345.2Km2 with 476.3Km2 under forest cover according to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census.

Capital:

Eldoret is the largest city and the administrative capital of Uasin Gishu County. Situated some 330Km Northwest of Nairobi, it is among the fastest growing cities in Kenya. The town got its name from a Maasai word ‘Eldore’ – which means a ‘stony river’, in reference to the nearby Sosioni River.

There are other urban centres but the major six are Burnt Forest, Matunda, Turbo, Moiben, Kesses and Kapsaret.

Administrative units:

The County is divided into six sub-counties namely: Turbo, Soy, Ainabkoi, Moiben, Kessess and Kapseret. The sub-counties are further subdivided into fifty one locations and ninety seven sub-locations.

Population:

According to the 2009 Population and Housing Census, the total population of Uasin Gishu County stood at 894,179. With a population growth rate of 3.8%, the total population is projected to grow to 1,211,853 by 2017. The population density is 267 persons per sq. Km. which is expected to increase to 362 persons per sq. km. by 2017.

In 2012, the population age group between 0 to 14 years was 41.4%, while the economically active age group of between 15 and 64 years accounted for 55.7% and those above 64 years accounting for 2.9% of the total population.

Climate:

Uasin Gishu County experiences high and reliable rainfall which is evenly distributed throughout the year. The average rainfall ranges between 624.9mm to 1,560.4mm with the wettest months occurring between the months of April and May and the driest months occurring between January and February.

It has a cool and temperate climate, with annual temperatures ranging between 70C and 290C.

Road network and infrastructure:

Uasin Gishu has a total of 1,226Kms of road network comprising of over 300Kms of tarmac roads, 549Kms of gravel and 377Kms of earth roads. It also boasts 179Kms of railway line with 8 railway stations.

In addition, there is an inland container depot, The Moi International Airport in Eldoret and two airstrips.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 771 Primary schools with an enrolment of 184,954 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:42.1. There were 158 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 14,712 students and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:30.9.

The county has over 14 tertiary institutions with 2 public universities; Moi University and University of Eldoret, 2 private universities and constituent colleges of major universities. Others are Eldoret Polytechnic, Rift Valley Technical Training Institute and several private commercial colleges including Eldoret Aviation College among others.

Financial services:

It has a branch of the Central Bank of Kenya, 21 Commercial banks, 108 urban and 4 rural Saccos and 5 major micro financing institutions.

Health:

There are a total of 125 health facilities spread across the county. The county has 1 Referral hospital, 1 District Hospital, 2 Sub-District Hospitals, 88 Dispensaries, 23 Health Centres and 10 others.

Notable Hospitals include Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Uasin Gishu District Hospital, Eldoret Hospital, Mediheal Hospital, Elgon View Hospital and Uasin Gishu Langas Hospital.

Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, respiratory infections and water borne diseases.

Tourist attractions:

The County does not have any tourist attractions but is home to high altitude athlete training grounds. It is also home to reknown athletes including the former Olympic champion Kipchoge Keino and world’s 800m champion Janet Jepkosgei as well World Athletics champions Wilson Kipketer and Wilfred Bungei.


ECONOMY

Uasin Gishu’s main economic activities are large scale wheat and maize farming. It is endowed with good land resources making it one of the bread basket county in the country producing over 4.5M bags of maize and about 1M bags of wheat. Agriculture supports over 80% of the rural population of Uasin Gishu County in terms of household income and food security.

Another major economic activity is livestock farming which is a source of livelihood for over 160,000 households in the County. Animals bred include; dairy cattle including high grade, sheep, goats, exotic birds, birds and pigs.

Others include horticulture and sports tourism. Under manufacturing and value addition, major players include Raiply Wood factory, Rupa Textiles, Kenya Pipeline Company, Kenya Cooperative Creameries as well as corn, wheat and pyrethrum factories.

Eldoret International Airport located some 16Kms South of Eldoret town along Eldoret – Kisumu road is an important economic hub for handling commercial cargo goods.


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           JACKSON KIPLAGAT MANDAGO
DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :           DANIEL KIPLAGAT KIPROTICH
SENATOR                                           :           Prof. MARGARET JEPKOECH  KAMAR
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           EUSILAH JEPKOSGEY NGENY

Uasin Gishu County has six (6) constituencies which are divided into 30 electoral wards. Soy Constituency has the highest number of wards with 7 wards, Turbo has 6, Moiben and Kapseret have 5 each, Kesses has 4 and Ainabkoi has the least with 3 wards.

Turkana County – 023

Turkana County – 023
Geographical:

Turkana County number 023 is located in North Western Kenya and is the only County sharing international boundaries with three countries; Uganda to the West, South Sudan to the North West and Ethiopia to the North East. It also borders Marsabit County to the East, Samburu County to the South East and Baringo County and West Pokot County to the South.

Capital:

Its capital is Lodwar town.

Area: 

It covers an area of 68,680.3Km2 according to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census.

Population:

According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the population for Tharaka Nithi County was 855,399 people with a population density of 6.9 people per Km2. Age distribution was; 0-14 years at 46.0%, 15-64 years at 51.6% and 65+ years at 2.4%.

Climate:

The County experiences desert climate characterized by warm and hot seasons. December to March is the hottest with scorching hot sun while June and July are the coolest months. Between May and September very strong winds blow most of the day. It experiences unreliable rainfall ranging between 300mm and 400mm per annum.

Road network:

The total length of all classified roads in the county is 2,646.4Km with bitumen surface covering 319.2Km, gravel surface covering 296.7Km and 2030.5Km being surface.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 202 Primary schools with an enrolment of 122,883 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:51. There were 19 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 48,004 students and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1: 27.7.

The county has several two Tertiary Institutions.

Financial services:

The County has 3 Commercial Banks and 2 Micro-finance institutions.   

Health:

There are a total of 127 health facilities spread across the county. The county has 3 District Hospitals, 2 Sub-District Hospitals, 91 Dispensaries, 6 Health Centres, 19 Medical Clinics, 3 Health Programs and three others.

Notable Hospitals include Lodwar, Katilu, and Lokitaung District Hospitals.

Prevalent Diseases: Malnutrition.

Tourist attractions:

Tourist attractions in the County are Lake Turkana National Park, which is attributed to Lake Turkana, the world’s largest permanent alkaline desert lake located between Turkana and Marsabit Counties and covering an area of 6,405Km2. Its northern tip crosses into Ethiopia. It is fed by three rivers – the river Omo of Ethiopia and Kenya’s Turkwel and Kerio rivers. The lake is also called the Jade Sea because of its azure-green colour from algae in bloom.

Another attraction is Loiyangalani Desert Museum which is situated on a hill overlooking Lake Turkana. It was opened in 2008 and focuses on the lives of the eight communities living in the area; Turkana, El-molo, Rendille, Samburu, Gabbra, Watta, Boran and Dassanash (Merillle) and the natural environment in the harsh climate of the region.

Central Island National Park is an island park in Lake Turkana covering 5Km2. It has three scenic crater lakes – Crocodile, Flamingo and Tilapia and an active crater.


ECONOMY

The main economic activity in the County is pastoralism characterized by livestock rearing. Others are farming of sorghum and drought resistant maize, trade, fishing, weaving, and tourism.

The recent discovery of oil has brought in a fresh focus on Turkana County and the entire region as a whole with the economic status of the County expected to change forever after the drilling of the oil commences in the near future.

Other natural resources include gold and saltlicks.


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           JOSPHAT NANOK

DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :           PETER LOTETHIRO EMURIA

SENATOR                                           :           MALACHY CHARLES EKAL IMANA

WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           JOYCE AKAI EMANIKOR

Turkana County has six (6) constituencies divided into 30 electoral wards. Turkana West has the highest wards with 7, Turkana North has 6, Turkana Central and Turkana South have 5 each, Loima has 4 and Turkana East has the least with 3 wards.

Trans Nzoia County – 026

Trans Nzoia County – 026
Geographical:

Trans Nzoia County number 026 is located in the Western part of Kenya and borders Uganda to the North West, West Pokot County to North, Elgeyo Marakwet County to the East, Uasin Gishu County and Kakamega County to the South, and Bungoma County to the West and South West.

Population:

According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the population for Trans Nzoia County was 818,757 people with a population density of 328 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 4.2%. Age distribution was; 0-14 years at 47.0%, 15-64 years at 50.2% and 65+ years 2.8%.

Capital:

Its capital is Kitale Town.

Area:

It covers an area of 2,495.5Km2 according to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census.

Climate:

Temperatures range from a mean annual minimum of 10°C to a mean maximum of 37°C, with average rainfall amounts of 11,200mm per annum.

Road network:

The total length of all classified roads in the county is 500.7Km with bitumen surface covering 59.2Km, gravel surface covering 135Km and 306.5Km being surface.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 471 Primary schools with an enrolment of 229,408 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:52. There were 120 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 24,361 students and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:18.

The county has over 20 tertiary institutions which include a university campus, a nursing college, a farmers training college, a youth polytechnic, a teachers training college, and several commercial colleges.

Financial services:

There are 8 Commercial Banks and 2 Micro-Finance Institutions.   

Health:

There are a total of 78 health facilities spread across the county. The county has 2 District Hospitals, 2 Sub-District Hospitals, 33 Dispensaries, 7 Health Centres, 28 Medical Clinics, 2 Nursing Homes and four others.

Notable Hospitals include Kitale District Hospital and Kapsara District Hospital.

Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Upper Respiratory Tract Infections, Diarrhoea, Typhoid, Skin Diseases, Amoebic Dysentery.

Tourist attractions:

The main tourist attractions are; The Kitale Museum, Mt. Elgon National Park, Kitale Nature Conservancy and Saiwa Swamp National Park.


ECONOMY

Agriculture is the predominant economic activity in the county and is the leading sub sector in terms of employment, food security, income earnings and overall contribution to the socio-economic well being of the people. Majority of the people in the county depend on the sub sector for their livelihood. Large scale maize and wheat farming characterize the major use of land in the county. The main food crops grown in the county are maize, wheat, tea, coffee, beans and potatoes.

Other economic activities are horticulture, commercial businesses, livestock keeping and fishing.


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           PATRICK SIMIYU KHAEMBA

DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :           STANLEY KIPTOO KENEI TARUS

SENATOR                                           :           MICHAEL MALING’A MBITO

WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           JANET NANGABO WANYAMA

Trans Nzoia County has five (5) constituencies divided into 25 electoral wards. Cherangany Constituency has the highest number of wards with 7, Kiminini has 6, Saboti 5, Kwanza 4 and Endebess has the least with 3 wards.

Tharaka Nithi County – 013

Tharaka Nithi County – 013
Geographical:

Tharaka Nithi County number 013 is located in the Central region of Kenya and borders Meru County to the North and North East, Kitui County to the East and South East and Embu County to the South and South West.

Population:

According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the population for Tharaka Nithi County was 365,330 people with a population density of 138 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 3.0%. Age distribution was; 0-14 years at 39.1%, 15-64 years at 55.5% and 65+ years 5.3%.

Capital:

Its capital is Chuka town.

Area: 

It covers an area of 2,638.8Km2 according to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census.

Climate:

Temperatures range from a minimum of 11°C to a maximum of 25.9°C. The rainfall ranges between 200mm and 800mm per annum.

Road network:

The total length of all classified roads in the county is 633.2Km with bitumen surface covering 152.5Km, gravel surface covering 36.4Km and 444.3Km being surface.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 168 Primary schools with an enrolment of 40,216 and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1: 34. There were 24 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 1,085 with a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:25.

The county has several Tertiary Institutions led by Chuka University College.

Financial services:

The County has one commercial bank and one micro finance institution.   

Health:

There are a total of 88 health facilities spread across the county. The county has 3 District Hospitals, 1 Sub-District Hospital, 60 Dispensaries, 7 Health Centres, 13 Medical Clinics and four others.

Notable Hospitals include Chuka, Magutuni and Tharaka District Hospitals.

Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Intestinal Worms, Diseases of Respiratory System.

Tourist attractions:

The only tourist attraction in the county is Mutejwa National Reserve.


ECONOMY

Main economic activities include farming with the agricultural produce including tea, coffee, horticulture, cotton, millet, maize, sorghum, cowpeas and cassava. Pastoralism is practiced with livestock being kept.

Other economic activities include mining of kaoline, sand and stone quarrying.


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           ONESMUS MUTHOMI NJUKI

DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :           FRANCIS NYAMU KAGWIMA

SENATOR                                           :           KITHURE KINDIKI

WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           BEATRICE NKATHA NYAGA

Tharaka Nithi County has three (3) constituencies divided into 15 electoral wards. The Constituencies are Maara, Chuka/Igambang’ombe and Tharaka all which have 5 wards each.

Tana River County – 005

Tana River County – 005
Geographical:

Tana River County number 005 is located in the coastal region and borders Garissa County to the North, Isiolo County to the Northwest, Lamu County to the Northeast, Kilifi County to the Southeast, Taita Taveta County to the South, and Kitui County to the West.

Population:

According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the population for Tana River County was 240,075 people with a population density of 6.2 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 3.4%. Age distribution was; 0-14 years at 50.9%, 15-64 years at 46.2% and 65+ years 2.9%.

Capital:

Its capital is Hola town.

Area: 

It covers an area of 38,436.9Km2 according to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census.

Climate:

Tana River receives annual relief rainfall varying between 400mm and 750mm with a mean annual temperature ranging between 30°C and 33°C.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 136 Primary schools with an enrolment of 40,832 and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:46.2. There were 10 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 2, 640 with a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:31.

Health:

There are a total of 58 health facilities spread across the county. The county has 2 District Hospitals, 47 Dispensaries, 5 Health Centres and 4 Medical Clinics.

Notable Hospitals include Hola District Hospital and Ngao District Hospitals.

Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Respiratory Tract Infections, Skin Diseases, Diarrhoea and HIV/AIDs.

Tourist attractions:

Tourist attractions in the County are; Tana River Primate National Game Reserve and Kora National Park.


ECONOMY

Farming and nomadic pastoralism are the main economic activities in Tana River County due to the dry conditions and erratic rainfall patterns experienced in the county.

The Tana River is a major water resource in the area. The expansive delta created by the river is characterized by wetlands, which provide grazing area during the dry season and is also a tourist attraction. The water is used for irrigation of rice, banana, maize, mangoes and soya beans.

Riverine forest, woodland, grassland, bush lands, lakes, open river channels, sand dunes, mangroves and coastal waters contribute to making Tana River County one of the most ecologically diverse habitats and a tourist attraction in the country.

The county has the potential to use its wildlife and visitor attraction assets as leverage to improve the livelihoods of its people. These assets include the rare primates and aquatic animals at the Tana Delta, beach tourism along the Indian Ocean, water sports and game fishing.

Other economic activities include mining with potential for gems such as Barite, illmenite, Iron ore, Uranium and Gypsum.


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           DHADHO GADDAE GODHANA

DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :           KEA BATUYU SALIM

SENATOR                                           :           GOLICH JUMA WARIO

WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           REHEMA HASSAN

Tana River County has three (3) constituencies; Garsen, Galole and Bura. It is divided further into 15 electoral wards with Garsen having 6, Bura 5 and Galole 4 wards.

Taita Taveta County – 006

Taita Taveta County – 006
Geographical:

Taita Taveta County number 006 is located in the Coastal region of Kenya and borders Kajiado County to the North West, Makueni County, Kitui County and Tana River County to the North, Kilifi County and Kwale County to the East and Tanzania to the South and South-west.

Population:

According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the population for Taita Taveta County was 284,657 people with a population density of 17 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 1.74%. Age distribution was; 0-14 years at 37.7%, 15-64 years at 56.9% and 65+ years 5.4%.

Capital: Its capital is Wundanyi Town.

Area: 

It covers an area of 17,084.1Km2 with 62% or 11,100Km2 within Tsavo East and Tsavo West National Parks.

Climate:

The County receives an annual mean rainfall of 650mm per annum which is experienced in two rain seasons. The long rains are between the months of March and May and the short rains between November and December. The rainfall distribution is uneven in the county, with the highlands receiving higher rainfall than the lowland areas.

The mean temperature in the county is 230C.

Road network:

The total length of all classified roads in the county is 953Km with bitumen surface covering 151.8Km, gravel surface covering 138.2Km and 663Km being surface.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 206 Primary schools with an enrolment of 74,616 and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:40. There were 53 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 14,132 with a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:25.

The county has more than 20 Tertiary Institutions.

Financial services:

There are 5 Commercial Banks, 8 Micro-finance Institutions and 5 Village Banks.   

Health:

There are a total of 75 health facilities spread across the county. The county has 3 District Hospitals, 1 Sub-District Hospital, 47 Dispensaries, 9 Health Centres, 11 Medical Clinics and four others.

Notable Hospitals include Moi District Hospital in Voi, Wesu and Taveta District Hospitals.

Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Upper Respiratory Transmitted Infections, Diarrhoea, HIV/AIDS.

Tourist attractions:

Tsavo East and Tsavo West national Parks, home to various types of wild animals, occupy a large portion of the lowlands and 62% of the total county area. The presence of these National Parks has improved the welfare of the people engaged in tourism activities.


ECONOMY

Agriculture is the predominant economic activity in the county. This is mostly practiced in the highlands with Horticultural production becoming an important economic pursuit in the Taita hills. Other crops are maize and beans.

The lowland areas, which are mainly arid and semi-arid, are only suitable for planting crops with short maturing period like sorghum, cowpeas, green grams, cashew nuts, sunflower, millet and dry land hybrid maize varieties.

Ranching and sisal growing is practiced in the low lying arid and semi-arid areas. The county has approximately 25 ranches with the main land use in ranches being cattle grazing. Taitas also rear dairy cattle and produce milk which is sold in Mombasa. The three operating sisal estates of the district are the Taita Sisal Estate, Voi Sisal Estate and Taveta Sisal Estate. Some ranches e.g. Lumo in Mwaktau also engage in wildlife tourism and conservation.

Tsavo East and Tsavo West national Parks, home to various types of wild animals, occupy a large portion of the lowlands and 62% of the total county area. The presence of these National Parks has improved the welfare of the people engaged in tourism activities.

Mining is also carried out in the drier parts of the county, where large deposits of precious stones such as ruby, tanzanite and garnet can be found. Significant iron ore deposits have recently been discovered and mining has commenced in the Kishushe area of Wundanyi. Asbestos, chalk, limestone, gemstones, construction stones and sand are also among the regions minerals portfolio.


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           GRANTON GRAHAM SAMBOJA

DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :           MAJALA DELINA MLAGUI

SENATOR                                           :           JOHNES MWASHUSHE MWARUMA

WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           LYDIA HAIKA MNENE MIZIGHI

Taita Taveta County has four (4) constituencies which are divided into 20 electoral wards with Voi having 6, Taveta and Mwatate 5 each and Wundanyi the least with 4 wards.

Siaya County – 041

Siaya County – 041
Geographical:

Siaya County number 041 is located in The Lake Victoria Basin and borders Busia County to the North, Kakamega County to the Northeast, Vihiga County to the East, Kisumu County to the South East with Lake Victoria to the South and West.

Capital:

Its capital is Siaya town.

Area:

It covers an area of 2,530.5Km2.

Population:

According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population was 842,304 with a population density of 332 people per Km2.  Age Distribution was 0-14 years (46.1 %), 15-64 years (50.9 %) and over 65+ years (3.0 %).

Climate/Weather:

It has an annual rainfall of between 1,170mm and 1,450mm with a mean annual temperature of 21.50C and a range of 150C and 300C.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 656 Primary schools with an enrolment of 259,545 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:53 and 148 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 22,042 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:31.

Tertiary: More than 4 Institutions

Financial Services:

6 Commercial Banks, 9 Micro-Finance Institutions, 2 Village Banks

Health:

Siaya County has 124 health facilities with 2 District Hospitals, 3 Sub-District Hospitals, 83 Dispensaries, 26 Health Centres and 10 other  institutions.

Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, HIV/AIDS, Diarrhoeal diseases, Respiratory disorders

Notable Hospitals:

Siaya District Hospital, Bondo District Hospital.

Tourist Attractions:

Kogelo home to Obama Snr the father of USA president Barrack Obama, Yala Swamp and Wetlands, Ndanu Falls, Lake Kanyaboli and Lake Victoria.


ECONOMY

Main economic activities include subsistence farming, livestock keeping, fishing, rice farming and small scale trading.

Rice farming is done in Dominion Farms along River Yala.

It is endowed with natural resources as agricultural land, fisheries, indigenous forests and rivers.


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           CORNEL AMOTH RASANGA

DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :           JAMES OUKO OKUMBE

SENATOR                                           :           JAMES ORENGO

WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           CHRISTINE ODUOR OMBAKA

Siaya County has six (6) constituencies and 30 electoral wards. Alego Usonga, Gem and Bondo have six wards each while Rarieda has five, Ugenya 4 and Ugunja the least with three wards.

Samburu County – 025

Samburu County – 025
Geographical:

Samburu County number 025 borders Baringo County to the west, Laikipia County to the South, lsiolo County to the East, Turkana County to the northwest and Marsabit County to the north. Lake Turkana borders at the northern tip between Turkana and Marsabit counties.

Population:

According to the 2009 Census, Samburu County population was 223,947 with a population density of 11 people per Km2 and a population growth rate of 2.1% per annum. The age distribution is 0-l4 years 50.6%, 15-64 years 46.4% and 65+ years 3%.

Capital:

Its headquarters is Maralal town.

Area: 

It covers an area of 21,022.2Km2 according to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census.

Climate:

The rainfall pattern in the county is erratic and on average receives rainfall ranging from 750mm in the lowlands to 1200mm on the mountain and plateaus.

Road network:

The total length of all classified roads in the county is 3,125.2Km with gravel surface covering 1,962.3Km and earth surface 1,162.9Km.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 140 Primary schools with an enrolment of 32,783 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:41 and 15 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 2,871 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:27.

Tertiary institutions in the county are 1 satellite campus, a medical training college and several commercial colleges.

Financial services:

There are Micro Finance Institutions in the County.   

Health:

There are a total of 61 health facilities in the county. These are 1 District Hospital, 1 Sub-District Hospital, 43 Dispensaries, 5 Health Centres, 10 Medical Clinics and one unclassified facility.

Tourist attractions:

There are three major tourist attractions; The Samburu Game Reserve, The Buffalo Springs National Reserve and The Shaba National Game Reserve.

The Samburu Game Reserve located on the banks of the Ewaso Nyiro River covering 165km2 and situated 350km from Nairobi. The Samburu National Reserve was one of the two areas in which conservationists George Adamson and Joy Adamson raised Elsa the Lioness, made famous in the best-selling book and award winning movie, Born Free and is also the home of Kamunyak (the blessed one), a lioness who adopted six oryx calves between 2002 and 2003.

The Buffalo Springs National Reserve is separated from the Samburu National Reserve by the Ewaso Ngiro River. It is less hilly and less dense than Samburu but equally attractive. Buffalo Springs takes its name from an oasis of clear water at the western end of the sanctuary. The Reserve is 131Km2 and lies on the leeward side of Mount Kenya, rarely receiving rain. During the struggle for independence in Kenya, Mau Mau freedom fighters hid in the park. The legendary Mau Mau General Mathenge passed through when fleeing to Ethiopia. There is a pool of spring water caused by bombing during the 2nd World War by European forces. Attractions in the park are over 365 species of birds, reticulated giraffe, gravy’s zebra, elephant, beisa oryx, somali ostrich, hippo, crocodile, gerenuk, buffalo, lion, leopard, cheetah, hyena and the spring pool.

Shaba National Game Reserve is a rugged wilderness featuring hot springs, rolling savannah, miles of scrub and desert, a waterfall and the Ewaso Ngiro River which supports a diversity of wildlife. This reserve was established in 1968. A solitary mountain rises to 2,145m from an otherwise flat area. Attractions are the gravy zebra, the somali ostrich, gerenuk, the reticulated giraffe, gazelles, lesser kudu, leopard, lion, elephants and bird life.


ECONOMY

Main economic activities are tourism, nomadic pastoralism and commercial businesses.

The Samburus, who are predominant, practice a seasonal migratory lifestyle in continuous search of grazing pasture and water for their livestock, which provides them with milk, meat and blood for food.

The tourism sector has great potential since the county lies within the northern tourist circuit and has three national game reserves; The Samburu Game Reserve, The Buffalo Springs National Reserve and The Shaba National Game Reserve. These are further complemented by the presence of luxury hotels such as Sarova Shaba in Shaba, Samburu Serena, Larsens Camp, Samburu Lodge, Samburu Intrepids among others.

There is a high potential potential for mining to exploit; corundum, graphite, actinolite, silica, garnet, muscovite, vermiculite, magnesite, uranium, sillimanite, asbestos, copper, rare earth, clay, graphite, beryl, pyrite, chromite, nepheline, kyanite, manganese, epidote, nickel and kaoline. 


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           MOSES LENOLKULA KASAINE

DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :           JULIUS LAWRENCE LESSETO

SENATOR                                           :           STEVE LTUMBESI LELEGWE

WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           MAISON LESHOOMO

Samburu County has three (3) constituencies divided into 15 electoral wards. Samburu North Constituency has 6 wards, Samburu West 5 and Samburu East 4.

Nyeri County – 019

Nyeri County – 019
Geographical:

Nyeri County number 019 is located in the central highlands of the country and is situated between longitudes 36038’ East and 37020’ East and between the equator and latitude 00 380 south. It borders Laikipia County to the north, Kirinyaga County to the east, Murang‘a County to the south, Nyandarua County to the west and Meru County to the Northeast.

It lies 150Km North of Nairobi, straddling two mountain massifs -the western slopes of Mount Kenya and the eastern base of the Aberdare (Nyandarua) Range which forms part of the Eastern end of the Great Rift Valley.

Population:

According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, Nyeri County had a population of 693,558 with 208 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 0.8%. The age distribution is 0-14 years 33.8%, 15-64 years 59.7% and 65+ years 6.5%.

Capital:

Its capital is Nyeri town, a colonial town which was the centre of the Happy Valley settlers, a group of British aristocrats and adventurers who became famous for their infamous decadent lifestyles and exploits in the first half of the 20th century.

Area: 

It covers an area of 3,337.1Km2 according to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census.

Climate:

The County experiences equatorial rainfall due to its location within the highland equatorial zone of Kenya. It receives rainfall amounts of between 550mm and 1,500mm per annum with the long rains occur from March to May while the short rains occur between October and December. Temperatures range from a mean annual minimum of 12°C to a mean maximum of 27°C.

Road network:

The County has 3,092.73Kms of classified roads with 738.8Kms of bitumen, 1390.59Kms gravel and 963.34Kms earth surface. The earth surface roads are impassable during the rainy season. The county has three airstrips and three railway stations.

Education and Literacy:

As at 2007, the County had 584 Primary schools with an enrolment of 145,906 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:35 and 194 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 47,524 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1: 25.

Tertiary institutions in the county are over 25 including Kimathi University College, Kenya Methodist University Nyeri Campus, Kenyatta University Nyeri Campus, Moi University campus in Kagochi and Moi University campus in Karatina town, 2 Medical Training Colleges, 2 Teacher Training Colleges, Several Youth Polytechnics and more than 18 Commercial Colleges.

Financial services:

There are 10 Commercial Banks and 3 Micro-Finance Institutions in the County.

Health:

There are a total of 333 health facilities spread across the county. The County has one level-5 hospital, three level-4, 18 level-3 and 75 level-2 health facilities. It also has one nursing home, one hospice, three mission, three private hospitals and 228 private clinics spread across the county.

Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Urinary Tract Infections and Skin Diseases.

Notable Hospitals: Nyeri Level Five Hospital and Karatina District Hospital.

Tourist attractions:

The County is home to Mt. Kenya National Park which is protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The 5,199M mountain is the highest in Kenya and the second highest mountain in Africa after Kilimanjaro. It is 25Km from Nyeri town and 175Km from Nairobi. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian at 5,199m, Nelion at 5,188m and Point Lenana at 4,985m.

Best months to climb are January, February, August and September for the stunning views of the landscape.

Another tourist attraction is the Aberdare Ranges National Park which was established in May 1950 and covers an area of 766Km covering the Aberdare Mountain Ranges between 7,000ft (2,100m) to 14,000ft (4,300m) above sea level. The park has stunning landscapes – from the mountain peaks to deep valleys with streams, rivers, and waterfalls. The mountains have moorland, bamboo and rainforests.

The two highest peaks are OI Donyo Lesatima (13,120 ft) and Kinangop at 12,816 ft and is situated 100Km North of Nairobi. The Aberdare Range was named by J. J. Thomson in 1884 in honour of Lord Aberdare, who at that time was President of the Royal Geographical Society and the Royal Historical Society.

The Rhino Charge is an annual fund raiser to cater for fencing the Aberdare National Park as a means of protecting East Africa’s largest indigenous forest from destruction.

Others are Karuru Falls which are Kenya’s tallest waterfalls, Gura Falls, the Queen’s cave pavilion where in 1959 Queen Elizabeth ll and her husband Prince Philip had a picnic, freedom fighter Dedan Kimathi’s hideout, the famous Kimathi post office in the fig (mugumo) tree and the Mau Mau freedom fighters caves.

Animals to look out for are Black rhino, Colobus monkey, the elusive forest antelopes like the bongo and over 250 species of rare birds.


ECONOMY

Main economic activity is agriculture with cash crops being tea and coffee. Other agricultural produce at subsistence level include maize, potatoes and cabbages among others.

The county also practices dairy farming. This is mainly done through zero grazing. Animals reared include cattle and sheep in addition to poultry.

Other economic activities include milk processing, maize milling and ballast mining.


POLITICAL LEADERSHIP

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.

GOVERNOR                                       :           MUTAHI KAHIGA

DEPUTY GOVERNOR                       :          

SENATOR                                           :           ENG. EPHRAIN MWANGI MAINA

WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE           :           RAHAB MUKAMI WACHIRA

Nyeri County has six (6) constituencies which are further divided into 30 electoral wards. Kieni Constituency has the highest with 8 wards, followed by Mathira with 6, Nyeri Town with 5, Othaya and Mukurweini with 4 each while Tetu has three.