Busia County number 040 is located in Western Kenya. It shares its Western, North and North Eastern border with Uganda and Lake Victoria to the South West. It borders three Counties; Bungoma County and Kakamega County to the East, and Siaya County to the South East.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population is 743,946 with a population density of 439 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 2.9%. Age Distribution is; 0-14 years (47.9 %), 15-64 years (48.4 %), and 65+ years (3.7 %).
Its capital and largest town is Busia town.
It covers an area of 1,695 Km2.
The average temperature is 22°C and the rainfall amount ranges between lows of 750mm and highs of 1,800mm per annum.
Education and Literacy:
As at 2007, the County had 420 Primary schools with an enrolment of 220,101 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:64 and 90 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 21,794 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1: 33.
Tertiary institutions in the county are more than 10 which are comprised of University Satellite Campuses, Youth Polytechnics, Teachers Training Colleges and Several Commercial Colleges.
8 Commercial Banks and 4 Micro-Finance Institutions provide the people with financial services.
Busia County has 81 health facilities with 4 District Hospitals, 2 Sub-District Hospitals, 49 Dispensaries, 12 Health Centres, 10 Medical Clinics, 3 Nursing Homes and one uncategorized. The most recognized hospitals in the county are Port Victoria, Sio Port, Teso, and Busia Districts Hospitals.
The most prevalent diseases in the county are Malaria, Respiratory Transmitted Infections, Diarrhoea and Digestive System Diseases.
The major attractions are Kakapel National Monument and Lake Victoria Viewpoint.
The County is endowed with vast tracts of arable land, livestock, forests and water from rivers Malakisi, Malaba, Sio and Nzoia.
Main economic activities include agriculture, tourism, fishing along the shores of Lake Victoria, trade and commercial businesses.
Agricultural products include livestock, maize, cassava, millet, sweet potatoes, beans and rice.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR : SOSPETER OJAAMONG
DEPUTY GOVERNOR : MOSES MULOMI OKHOBA
SENATOR : AMOS WAKO
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE : FLORENCE MWIKALI MUTUA
Busia County has eleven (7) constituencies divided into 35 electoral wards. Teso North, Teso South and Butula has 8 wards each, Matayos has 5, while Nambale, Funyula and Budalangi have 4 wards each.