According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population is 623,060 with a male population of 334,939, a female population of 288,121 and a population density of 14 people per Km2. The County has 98,590 Households.
Garissa town is the administrative capital of the county.
It covers an area of 44,175Km2.
The County’s rainfall varies from 1,000 to 1,500mm in the highlands to 600mm per annum in the lowlands with temperatures ranging from a minimum of 10°C in the highlands to a maximum of 35°C in the low lying plains.
Education and Literacy:
As at 2007, the County had 47 Primary schools and 9 Secondary schools.
Garissa County has 28 health facilities with 1 District Hospital, 17 Dispensaries, 4 Health Centres, 6 Medical Clinics and 3 nursing homes and one privately owned institution.
The Doctor to Population Ratio is 1:52,000.
These are The Giraffe Sanctuary and Arawale & Boni National Reserves. The Garissa animal market is also a popular attraction.
The main economic activities in the County are Livestock rearing predominantly through pastoralism, Bee-keeping, Sand Harvesting, irrigated farming and trading.
The County is endowed with natural resources such as livestock, rivers, pasture, wildlife, vast tracts of flat land, solar and wind energy, mineral resources and medicinal plants.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR : ALI BUNOW KORANE
DEPUTY GOVERNOR : ABDI DAGANE MUHUMED
SENATOR : YUSUF HAJI MOHAMED
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE : ANAB MOHAMED GURE
Garissa County has eleven (6) constituencies divided into 30 electoral wards. Lagdera and Dadaab have 6 wards each, Balambala and Fafi have 5 wards each while Garissa Township and Ijara have 4 wards.