Homa Bay County number 043 is located in Westen Kenya. It borders Migori County to the South, Kisii County and Nyamira County to the South-East, Kericho County to the East, Kisumu County to the North and Lake Victoria to the North and North-West.
Homa Bay is popularly known as the Bay County because of its many bays. It has breathtaking islands with the most famous being Rusinga and Mfangano, hills, valleys and the longest shores of Lake Victoria. With 80% of Kenya’s Lake Victoria in Homa bay, the county leads as the supplier of fresh lake fish in Kenya.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, it has a population of 963,794 with a population density of 303 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 2.7%. Age Distribution is; 0-14 years 48.1 %, 15-64 years 48.2 % and 65+ years 3.7 %.
Its capital and largest town is Homa Bay town.
It covers an area of 3,183.3Km2.
Temperatures range from a mean annual minimum of 17.1°C to a mean annual maximum of 34.8°C, with rainfall amounts of between 250mm and 700mm per annum.
The total road network is 1121.8 with a bitumen surface of 101.8Km, gravel surface of 415.4Km and earth surface of 604.6Km.
Education and Literacy:
As at 2007, the County had 1,000 Primary schools with an enrolment of 283,162 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1: 45 and 235 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 31,317 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:27.
Tertiary institutions in the county are over 20. These include a University Campus, Medical Training College, Farmers Training College, Youth Polytechnic and Several Commercial Colleges.
5 Commercial Banks, 2 Micro-Finance Institutions provide the people with financial services.
Homa Bay County has 164 health facilities with 4 District Hospitals, 7 Sub-District Hospital, 88 Dispensaries, 38 Health Centres, 14 Medical Clinics, 7 VCT Centres and 1 privately owned institution.
These include; Ruma National Park, Tom Mboya Mausoleum, Winam Gulf of Lake Victoria, Rusinga and Mfangano Islands, Kanjera Archaeological site, Volcanic Lake Simbi Nyaima in Karachuonyo and Mt. Homa.
The major economic activity is fishing and fish processing with the County being the leading supplier of fresh water fish in the country. This is due to its proximity to Lake Victoria with 80% of its waters in the County. It is also endowed with arable land, livestock, pastures, wildlife and sand.
Other economic activities are farming with maize, millet, cassava and sunflower being the leading agricultural produce. It also has thriving commercial business and a potential for exploitation of minerals such as copper, gold, iron ore, pyrite, nepheline and phosphate.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR : CYPRIAN AWITI
DEPUTY GOVERNOR : HAMILITON ONYANGO ORATA
SENATOR : HAMILITON ONYANGO ORATA
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE : GLADYS ATIENO NYASUNA WANGA
Homa Bay County has eight (8) constituencies divided into 40 electoral wards. Karachuonyo and Ndhiwa has the highest number of wards with 7 each, followed by Kasipul and Mbita with 5 each and Kabondo Kasipul, Rangwe, Homa Bay Town and Suba constituencies with 4 wards each.