Kajiado County number 034 is located in Rift Valley region and borders Narok County to the West, Nakuru County, Kiambu County and Nairobi County to the North, Machakos County, Makueni County and Taita-Taveta County to the East and Tanzania to the South constituting one of the five counties that share the country’s border with Tanzania.
According to the Kenya Population and Housing Census the population was 807,070 in 2009 and projected to hit 1,000,000 by the year 2017. It has an annual growth rate of 5.5% and a population density of 31 people per Km2. The indigenous people of Kajiado County are the Maasai but there is an increasing influx of peoples from other parts of Kenya and East Africa due to increased economic activities and cross border trade.
Its capital is Kajiado town.
Other major towns in the County include; Ngong, Kitengela, Ongata Rongai, Kiserian, Loitokitok, Namanga, Isinya and Ilbisil as the major towns.
It covers an area of 21,901Km2.
The County is semi-arid and experiences temperature ranges of between 20 – 3O°C and 500mm to 1,250mm per annum of rainfall. It enjoys two wet seasons, the ‘short rains’ between October and December and the ‘long rains’ between March and May.
Education and Literacy:
As at 2007, the County had 198 primary schools with a total enrolment of 358,556 pupils.
All the major commercial banks have branches in almost all the major towns of Kajiado, Ngong, Kitengela, Ongata Rongai, Kiserian, Loitokitok, Namanga, Isinya and Ilbisil.
There are a total of 87 health facilities with 2 District Hospitals, 40 Dispensaries, 19 Health Centres and 26 Private Health Institutions.
It has a Doctor to Population Ratio of 1:76,000
The County is home to the world renowned Amboseli National Park which traverses Kenya and Tanzania. The park enjoys large Herds of Elephants — the pachyderms of Amboseli are the longest studied elephants in the wild since the early 1971, Observation Hill providing an aerial view of the park with its swamps, dust plains and Mt. Kilimanjaro. There is also the swamp below Observation Hill which is frequented by elephants, buffaloes, hippos and water fowls like pelicans and Egyptian geese.
Wildlife in the park include; the Leopard, cheetah, Wild dogs, buffalo, elephant, giraffe, zebra, lion, plains game, crocodile, mongoose, hyrax, Dik- dik, Lesser kudu among others and proliﬁc birdlife with approximately 600 species inhabiting it.
The Maasai culture is a major attraction renown worldwide for its manyattas, the jumping morans and their ochre dyed hair.
Main Economic Activities include pastoralism, livestock herding, tourism and agriculture. Livestock products include poultry, dairy, beef, hides and skins. Agriculture is practiced through irrigation and green houses owing to the arid nature of the county with horticulture being the major practice.
The County is blessed with natural resources such as wildlife, savannah grasslands, woodlands and forests.
Tourism contributes immensely to the county’s economy. The county is famous for the Amboseli National Park.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR : JOSEPH ole LENKU
DEPUTY GOVERNOR : MARTIN MARTINE MOSHISHO
SENATOR : PHILIP SALAU MPAAYEI
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE : JANET MARANIA TEYIAA
Kajiado County has eleven (5) constituencies divided into 55 electoral wards. Each of the five Constituencies have five wards each. Kajiado North, Kajiado Central, Kajiado East, Kajiado West and Kajiado South.