Kwale County number 002 is located in Southern Kenya and borders the Republic of Tanzania to the South West, Taita Taveta County to the West and North West, Kilifi County to the North and North East, Mombasa County to the East, and the Indian Ocean to the East and South East.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the population was 649,931 with a population density of 79 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 2.6%. Age Distribution was; 14 years 47.2%, 15-64 years 49.4% and 65+ years 3.4%.
Its capital and administrative centre is Kwale town.
It covers an area of 8,270.2 Km2.
The average temperature is 24.2°C and rainfall ranges between 400mm and 1,680mm per annum.
The County experiences the monsoon type of climate, which is characterized by hot and dry weather between January and April and cool weather between June and August.
The total length of all classified roads in the county is 2,028Km with bitumen surface covering 212.5km, gravel surface 120km and earth surface 1,695.5km.
Education and Literacy:
As at 2007, the County had 349 Primary schools with a teacher to pupil ratio of 1: 57 and 41 Secondary schools with a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:35.
All major banks have their branches there. There are thriving Micro Finance Institutions in the County.
There are a total of 91 health facilities in the county. These are 2 District Hospitals, 64 Dispensaries, 6 Health Centres and 17 Medical Clinics.
Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Skin Disease, Diseases of the Tract System and HIV/AIDS.
The County is host to Shimba Hills National Reserve composed of beautiful stretches of tropical forest and the Tsavo East National Park. Another attraction is The Mwaluganje Elephant Sanctuary, owned and run by the local Duruma people.
The world famous Diani Beach is situated along its coast line as well as other attractions including Kisite and Mpunguti Marine National Parks, the second most famous marine park in the world after the Australian Marine Park.
Major attractions in Kwale include:
- Kisite Marine National Park
- Mpunguti Marine National Park
- Mwaluganje Elephant Sanctuary
- Shimba Hills National Reserve
- Diani Beach
- Wasini Dhow Tours
- Sheldrick Falls
- Maji Moto Springs
The main economic activity is agriculture which includes fruits, livestock and mixed farming. This is mainly carried out in the inland areas where a mixture of fruits, vegetables and cereals are grown. The county is criss-crossed by rivers and streams and though some are seasonal, the county has enough water resources giving it huge agricultural potential.
The county is endowed with natural resources as wildlife, livestock, water, pasture and forests.
Other economic activities are fishing, mining and commercial businesses. The county has rich titanium deposits with extraction in the initial stages. Fishing is prevalent along the coastline accounting for more than half of the income of its households.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR : SALIM MVURIA MGALA
DEPUTY GOVERNOR : FATUMA MOHAMED ACHANI
SENATOR : ISSA JUMA BOY
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE : ZULEIKHA JUMA HASSAN
Kwale County has four (4) constituencies; Msambweni, Lunga Lunga, Matuga and Kinango. It is divided further into 20 electoral wards with Kinango having 7, Matuga 5 while Msambweni and Lunga Lunga have 4 wards each.