Machakos County number 016 borders Nairobi County and Kiambu County to the West, Embu County to the North, Kitui County to the East, Makueni County to the South, Kajiado County to the South West and Murang’a County and Kirinyaga County to the North West.
Machakos County stretches from latitudes 00 45’ South to 10 31’ South and longitudes 360 45’ East to 370 45’ East.
It covers an area of 6,208Km2.
Machakos town, its capital and largest town is located 64kms southeast of Nairobi and was the first capital city of Kenya.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population was 1,098,584 with a population density of 177 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 2.47%. Age Distribution was 0-14 years 41.7%, 15-64 years 54.8% and over 65 years 3.5%.
The County experiences erratic and unpredictable rains of less than 500mm annually, with short rains in October through to December and the long rains in late March to May. The county has an altitude of 1000 – 1600 meters above sea level.
The total length of all classified roads in the county is 528.9Km with bitumen surface covering only 88.5km and gravel surface 440.4km.
Education and Literacy:
As at 2007, the County had 850 Primary schools with an enrolment of 192,243 pupils and 154 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 31,577 pupils.
Major commercial banks have branches in Machakos town. There are thriving Micro Finance Institutions in the County.
There are a total of 110 health facilities spread across the county. These are Machakos Level Five Hospital, 3 district hospitals, 1 sub-district hospital, 86 dispensaries, 22 health centres, 2 maternity homes, 34 medical clinics, 2 nursing homes and 3 others facilities. The average distance to a health facility is 5 km.
The most prevalent diseases are malaria and skin diseases while the childhood diseases include anaemia, marasmus, eye infection, pneumonia, malaria and kwashiorkor.
The HIV/AIDS prevalence is 15% with concentration being along the Mombasa highway. The Doctor to Population Ratio is 1:27,000.
Major attractions are the Ol Donyo Sabuk Park, covering an area of 20.7Km2 and situated only 65km north of Nairobi which was established in 1967. The main attraction is Buffalo Mountain which rises to 2,145m from an otherwise flat area. The peak offers spectacular views of Nairobi and outlying areas. Near the peak can be found the graves of philanthropist Lord William Northrop Macmillan, his wife, their maid servant and their dog.
Wildlife species that can be spotted here include buffalo, Columbus monkey, baboons, bush-buck impala and duiker among abundant bird-life.
Other attractions are The Fourteen Falls and Lord McMillan Castle. Lord Macmillan’s Castle is in Donyo Sabuk town and is today a museum. Lord MacMillan and his wife spent their eccentric life together with their servant and dog in the house.
It was in this house that Macmillan housed his friend and former American President Theodore Roosevelt on several occasions. First, during his famous 1911 safari and when he was he writing his biography. They also played host to Mr. Roosevelt on many occasions while on a series of hunting trips, even before he became president.
Lord Macmillan was a decorated American soldier also knighted by the King of England, who arrived in Kenya in 1901 for big game hunting. He and his wife established the Macmillan Library which is situated in central Nairobi next to the Jamia mosque.
Kya mwilu magic corner
The Kyamwilu magic corner just 10 kilometers along the Machakos –Mutituni road is a mysterious natural attraction where nature has defied gravity. Experience the fascination of pouring water at the base of the steep hill and watch the water flow upwards towards the hill instead of downwards defying the laws of classical physics. The locals at the time were obliged to call this place; ‘The Magic Corner’ and many people from different places visit this place regularly.
The Yatta Plateau
TheYatta plateau is among the longest lava streams in the world stretching some 350km from Ol-Donyo Sabuk Hills in South Eastern Kenya to the north Coastal region. The region along the Kibwezi –Kitui road offers eye catching scenic sites.
The main economic activities include livestock farming, fruit farming, sand harvesting, mining and trade. Food crops grown include cereals.
The County is well-endowed with natural resources such as waters from rivers Athi and Tana, livestock, minerals, game, tourists attraction sites, rangeland and pastures.
Potential Minerals: diatomite, gypsum, bentonite, kyanite, garnet, coal, beryl, muscovite, magnesite
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR : ALFRED MUTUA
DEPUTY GOVERNOR : FRANCIS WAMBUA MALITI
SENATOR : BONIFACE MUTINDA KABAKA
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE : JOYCE KAMENE
Machakos County has eight (8) constituencies; which are further divided into 40 electoral wards. Machakos Constituency has the highest with 7 wards, followed by Mwala with 6, Masinga, Yatta and Matungulu with five while the rest, Kangundo, Kathiani and Mavoko have four wards each.