Mandera County number 009 is located in the North Eastern part of Kenya; it borders Ethiopia to the North, Somalia Republic to the East, and Wajir County to the South and South West.
The County is divided into four (4) sub-counties namely Mandera North, East, West and Central.
Its capital is Mandera town.
It covers an area of 25,991.5Km2.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population was 1,025,756 with a population density of 39 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 3.96%. Age Distribution was 0-14 years 53.7%, 15-64 years 44.4% and over 65 years 1.9%.
Rainfall is scanty and unpredictable averaging 255mm per annum. It is very hot with average temperatures of 280C but can reach highs of 370C.
Road network: The total length of all classified roads in the county is 2,553Km with gravel surface covering 470Km and 2,083Km being surface.
Education and Literacy:
It has 117 primary schools with an enrolment of 40,148 pupils and a teacher pupil ratio of 1: 68. There are 19 secondary schools with a total enrolment of 2,747and a teacher pupil ratio of 1: 24.
The only government tertiary institution is the Mandera Youth Polytechnic.
There are 2 commercial banks in the County.
There are a total of 65 health facilities spread across the county. The county has 3 District Hospitals, 2 Sub-District Hospitals, 24 Dispensaries, 12 Health Centres, 20 Medical Clinics and 4 Nursing Homes. The doctor/population ratio in the county is 1:308,878.
Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Urinary Tract Infections Pneumonia and HIV/AIDs.
Notable Hospitals: Takaba, Elwak, and Mandera District Hospitals.
Malka Mari Fort, National Park, and Game Reserve.
Nomadic pastoralism is the major economic activity in this county with camels, goats, sheep and cattle being the main type of livestock reared here. This is due to the regions vast pasture lands, scarcity of water and long spells of drought. The main water sources in the region are the River Daua, a number of shallow water wells and a few major earth pans.
The region has small scale agricultural production with small scale horticultural producers supplying mangoes, pawpaws, onions, kales and bananas to the local markets. Other crops that can be found are cow-peas and maize.
Other economic activities are trade in livestock, handcraft products and cross border trade.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR : ALI IBRAHIM ROBA
DEPUTY GOVERNOR : MOHAMED AHMED ARAI
SENATOR : MOHAMED MAALIM MAHAMUD
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE : AMINA GEDOW HASSAN
Mandera County has six (6) constituencies; Mandera West, Banissa, Mandera North, Mandera South, Mandera East and Lafey. The constituencies are divided into 30 electoral wards with each constituency having 5 wards each.