Trans Nzoia County number 026 is located in the Western part of Kenya and borders Uganda to the North West, West Pokot County to North, Elgeyo Marakwet County to the East, Uasin Gishu County and Kakamega County to the South, and Bungoma County to the West and South West.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the population for Trans Nzoia County was 818,757 people with a population density of 328 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 4.2%. Age distribution was; 0-14 years at 47.0%, 15-64 years at 50.2% and 65+ years 2.8%.
Its capital is Kitale Town.
It covers an area of 2,495.5Km2 according to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census.
Temperatures range from a mean annual minimum of 10°C to a mean maximum of 37°C, with average rainfall amounts of 11,200mm per annum.
The total length of all classified roads in the county is 500.7Km with bitumen surface covering 59.2Km, gravel surface covering 135Km and 306.5Km being surface.
Education and Literacy:
As at 2007, the County had 471 Primary schools with an enrolment of 229,408 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:52. There were 120 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 24,361 students and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:18.
The county has over 20 tertiary institutions which include a university campus, a nursing college, a farmers training college, a youth polytechnic, a teachers training college, and several commercial colleges.
There are 8 Commercial Banks and 2 Micro-Finance Institutions.
There are a total of 78 health facilities spread across the county. The county has 2 District Hospitals, 2 Sub-District Hospitals, 33 Dispensaries, 7 Health Centres, 28 Medical Clinics, 2 Nursing Homes and four others.
Notable Hospitals include Kitale District Hospital and Kapsara District Hospital.
Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Upper Respiratory Tract Infections, Diarrhoea, Typhoid, Skin Diseases, Amoebic Dysentery.
The main tourist attractions are; The Kitale Museum, Mt. Elgon National Park, Kitale Nature Conservancy and Saiwa Swamp National Park.
Agriculture is the predominant economic activity in the county and is the leading sub sector in terms of employment, food security, income earnings and overall contribution to the socio-economic well being of the people. Majority of the people in the county depend on the sub sector for their livelihood. Large scale maize and wheat farming characterize the major use of land in the county. The main food crops grown in the county are maize, wheat, tea, coffee, beans and potatoes.
Other economic activities are horticulture, commercial businesses, livestock keeping and fishing.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR : PATRICK SIMIYU KHAEMBA
DEPUTY GOVERNOR : STANLEY KIPTOO KENEI TARUS
SENATOR : MICHAEL MALING’A MBITO
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE : JANET NANGABO WANYAMA
Trans Nzoia County has five (5) constituencies divided into 25 electoral wards. Cherangany Constituency has the highest number of wards with 7, Kiminini has 6, Saboti 5, Kwanza 4 and Endebess has the least with 3 wards.