It covers an area of 530.9Km2.
Its capital is Mbale town.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population was 554,622 with a population density of 1,045 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 3.3%. Age Distribution was; 0-14 years 44.2% with the economically productive age of 15-64 years standing at 49.4% and over 65 years at 6.1%.
It has an annual average rainfall of between 1,800mm and 2,000mm with an average temperature of 240C.
The total road network in the County is 662.3Km with bitumen surface covering 135Km, Gravel Surface extending 212.3Km and Earth Surface occupying 315Km.
Education and Literacy:
As at 2007, the County had 396 Primary schools with an enrolment of 180,112 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:45 and 117 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 36,413 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:31.
Tertiary institutions in the county are more than 10.
4 Commercial Banks and 1 Micro-Finance Institution provides the people with financial services.
Vihiga County has 78 health facilities with 1 District Hospital, 30 Dispensaries, 22 Health Centres, 19 Medical Clinics, 2 nursing homes and 4 others.
The most prevalent diseases in the county are malaria, respiratory tract infections and pneumonia.
Notable Hospitals: Vihiga District Hospital, Emuhaya and Hamisi Health Centres.
The only attraction in the County is the “Hill of Vision”.
The major economic activity is agriculture characterized by dairy farming and growing of maize, tea, millet and cassava.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR : WILBER KHASILWA OTTICHILO
DEPUTY GOVERNOR : PATRICK SAISI LUMUMBA
SENATOR : GEORGE KHANIRI
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE : BEATRICE KAHAI ADAGALA
Vihiga County has five (5) constituencies and 25 electoral wards. Hamisi has the highest number of wards with 7, followed by Sabatia with 6, Luanda 5, Vihiga 4 while Emuhaya Constituency has the least with 3 wards.