Its capital and largest town is Bungoma town.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population is 1,375,063 with a population density of 453.5 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 4.3%. Age Distribution is; 0-14 years 45.9 %, 15-64 years 51.4% and over 65 years 2.3%.
The major attraction is Nabuloye falls along River Nzoia in Webuye. Tourists troop here to watch the water cascade from a height of 7 meters to the rocks below. Just a kilometer away is Chetambe’s Fort, built behind a 12 foot defensive ditch in 1895 by Chetambe Ifile, a Tachoni warrior from the Bukusu sub tribe of the Luhya tribe against the British colonialists, from where he mobilized troops to resist British troop, leading to the 1895 massacre in which more than 450 people were killed by the British.
Others are Mt. Elgon National Park, Mt. Elgon Forest Reserve, Chepkitale Forest, Malakisi Falls, Sang’alo, Musikoma and Kabuchai scenic Hills, caves at Kitum, Machingeny, Ngwarishwa, Chepnyali and Kiptoro.
Temperatures range from a minimum of 150C to a maximum of 300C. It experiences two rainy seasons with an average rainfall of 1200mm per annum during the shorter rain to 1800mm per annum during the long rains.
Bitumen Surface is 154Km, Gravel Surface 509.25Km and Earth Surface 1128.17Km.
Education and Literacy
According to the County Government, The County has 851 Primary schools (651 public and 200 private owned) with an enrolment of 400,407 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1: 50 and 241 Secondary schools (229 public and 12 private owned) with an enrolment of 41,310 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:29.
Tertiary institutions in the county are 40 including Masinde Muliro University, Kibabii TTC Sang’alo Institute, Kisiwa Institute, Moi University Satellite Campus among others.
13 Commercial Banks and 16 Micro-Finance Institutions provide the people with financial services.
Bungoma County has 136 health facilities with 11 Hospitals, 78 Dispensaries, 16 Health Centres, 27 Medical Clinics and 134 community units.
The most prevalent diseases in the county are malaria, pneumonia, upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), worms and diarrhoea.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through the affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR: WYCLIFFE WAFULA WANGAMATI
DEPUTY GOVERNOR: CHARLES KIBANANI NGOME
SENATOR: MOSES WETANGULA
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE: CATHERINE NANJALA WAMBILIANGA
Bungoma County has eleven (9) constituencies and 45 electoral wards. Kanduyi has the highest number of wards with 8, followed by Mt. Elgon, Bumula and Tongaren with 6, Kabuchai with 5, Webuye West and Kimilili with 4 each while Sirisia and Webuye East have 3 wards each.
The major economic is maize farming making the county a vital component of the country’s bread basket. Others include sugarcane, tobacco, onions, vegetables and dairy farming.
Other economic activities include trading fuelled by the presence of two main roads, the Webuye-Bungoma-Malaba Highway and the Webuye-Kitale thoroughfare which cut across the County, with long distant trucks ferrying produce to and from Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The county has three major industries; Webuye Pan Paper Mills, Nzoia Sugar Factory and BAT Malakisi.