Nairobi County

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Nairobi County

Nairobi County number 047 is the capital city and the largest city of Kenya as well as one of the most prominent cities in Africa and an important economic centre in East and Central African Regions housing many multinational companies and organizations including several UN bodies such as UNEP, WHO and UN Habitat.

The Nairobi city is the capital of the Republic of Kenya and also a centre of administration, politics, economy and culture of Kenya.  It accounts for 50% of formal employment in Kenya and generates over 50% of the GDP. It is situated in the southern part of the country at an altitude of 1,660metres above sea level.

It borders Kiambu County to the North West, North and North East, Machakos County to the East and South East and Kajiado County to the South, South West and West.

It covers an area of 695.1Kmwith Nairobi National Park, the only park in a city occupying 117kmor 16.8% of the city’s total area.


Its capital is Nairobi town within the CBD. The office of the Governor and the County offices are housed in City hall opposite the KICC, adjacent to Parliament square and a street block away from The Office of the President.


According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population was 3,138,369 with a population density of 4,515 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 4.1%.  Age Distribution was 0-14 years 30.3%, 15-64 years 68.5 % and over 65 years 1.2%.

Tourist Attractions

The major attraction in the city is The Nairobi National Park. The first national park established in Kenya in 1946, the 117km2 park is the only wildlife park in the world where free-ranging lions and rhinos share a city with humans. It is the only protected wildlife area in the world bordering a capital city and dubbed “The World’s only wildlife capital”.

The park’s main gate is 10km from the city-centre and the fence runs parallel to the city. Major wildlife attractions are the black rhino and the white rhino (not indigenous), lion, leopard, cheetah, hyena, buffaloes, giraffe, zebra, wildebeest, elands and 400 species of birds. Other attractions include the Ivory burning site Monument, Nairobi Safari Walk, the Orphanage and the walking trails at hippo pools.

Other attractions are; The Nairobi National Museum, Uhuru Gardens, Uhuru Park, City Park, Nairobi Arboretum, Kenya National Archives, Karen Blixen Museum, Ostrich Farm, Giraffe centre, Daphne Sheldrick Elephant Orphanage, Prof. Murumbi Peace and Memorial Centre.

Landmarks in the City include but are not limited to; The KICC which is the only building with a helipad in the City, Tom Mboya Monument, Dedan Kimathi Monument,  Ngong Hills among others.


The climate in Nairobi City is usually dry and cool between July and August but hot and dry in January and February. The average annual rainfall in Nairobi is about 900mm. 

The first peak of monthly rainfall occurs in April and the second peak takes place in November. The mean daily maximum temperature by month ranges from 280C to 220C and the minimum ranges from 140C to 120C.

Road networks

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Education and Literacy

As at 2007, the County had 1,241 Primary schools with an enrolment of 335,056 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:39 and 335 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 49,728 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:15.

Tertiary institutions in the county are over 60. These include universities; Nairobi University, Kenyatta University, USIU, University Satellite Campuses, Youth Polytechnics, Medical Colleges, Teacher Training Colleges, Technical Colleges, Aviation Colleges, Hospitality Colleges, and Commercial Colleges among others.

Financial Services

Over 40 Commercial Banks have their headquarters and branches all over the city with some International banks having their regional headquarters here. There are also over 45 Micro-Finance Institutions which also have their country and regional bases here.   


Nairobi City has 782 health facilities with 2 Referral Hospitals, 4 District Hospitals, 176 Dispensaries, 75 Health Centres, 401 Medical Clinics and 14 maternity homes, 21 Nursing homes, 49 VCTs and 40 others.

Notable institutions: The Kenyatta Referral Hospital, The Nairobi Hospital, The Aga Khan Hospital Gertrude’s Children’s Hospital, Mater Hospital and The Karen Hospital.

Political Leadership

With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.





Nairobi County has the highest number of constituencies in the country at seventeen (17) which are further divided into 85 electoral wards. The Constituencies are: Westlands, Dagoretti North, Dagoretti South, Langata, Kibra, Roysambu, Kasarani, Ruaraka, Embakasi South, Embakasi North, Embakasi Central, Embakasi East, Embakasi West, Makadara, Kamukunji, Starehe and Mathare all which have 5 wards each.


The major economic activity is in the community, social and personal services and professional business services sector accounting for 52.1% of all the income generated in the city. This is followed by the agriculture and forestry sector, the wholesale and retail trade, the manufacturing sector and tourism.

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