Its capital and largest town is Nyamira town.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the population was 598,252 with a population density of 665 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 2.4%. Age Distribution was 0-14 years 44.1%, 15-64 years 52.4% and over 65 years 3.5%.
These are Manga Ridge and Keera and Kiomachingi Falls.
Temperatures range from a mean annual minimum of 10.1°C to a maximum of 28.7°C with rainfall amounts of between 600mm and 2,300mm per annum.
The total classified road network in the County is 1088.9Km with bitumen surface covering 104.1Km, gravel surface 641.4Km and earth surface 343.4Km.
Education and Literacy
As at 2007, the County had 567 Primary schools with an enrolment of 145,012 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:39 and 168 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 37,070 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1: 34.
Tertiary institutions in the county are 1 University College, 1 Medical Training College, 1 Teachers Training College, 36 Youth Polytechnics and several commercial colleges among others.
5 commercial banks and 6 micro-finance Institutions provide the people with financial services.
Nyamira County has 98 health facilities with 2 District Hospitals, 4 Sub-District Hospital, 47 Dispensaries, 26 Health Centres, 16 Medical Clinics and 3 nursing homes.
The most prevalent diseases in the county are malaria, urinary tract infections and skin diseases.
Notable Hospitalsinclude Nyamira and Manga District Hospitals.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through the affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR: JOHN NYAGARAMA OBIERO
DEPUTY GOVERNOR: AMOS KIMWOMI NYARIBO
SENATOR: ERIC OKONGO MOGENI
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE: JERUSHA MONGINA MOMANYI
Bungoma County has eleven (4) constituencies divided into 20 electoral wards. Kitutu Masaba has the highest number of wards with 6, followed by West and North Mugirango with 5 and Borabu with 4 wards.
The major economic is farming of tea, coffee, pyrethrum, bananas and dairy farming. Agricultural produce includes maize, beans, sorghum, finger millet and dairy products.
The County is endowed with livestock, arable land, pasture and water.