Its capital is Wajir Town.
According to the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census the population was 661,941 with a population density of 12 people per Km2 and an annual growth rate of 3.7%. Age Distribution was; 0-14 years 51.8% with the economically productive age of 15-64 years standing at 45.9% with those aged above 65 years accounting for 2.2% of the total population.
There are several tourist attractions which include; Wajir Museum, Wagalla Massacre Site, Orpahey Wells, British & Italian War Bunkers, Old Court House and Yahut Dame
Wajir has a mean annual temperature of 28°C with rainfall amounts ranging between 250mm and 700mm per annum in different parts of the county.
The total length of all classified roads in the county is 1,881.2Km with gravel surface covering 63Km and the rest being earth roads measuring 1,818.2Km.
Education and Literacy
As at 2007, the County had 125 Primary schools with an enrolment of 28,481 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:58 and 17 Secondary schools with an enrolment of 2,908 pupils and a teacher to pupil ratio of 1:21.
There are 2 Commercial Banks and 2 Micro-Finance Institutions in the County.
Wajir County has 88 health facilities with 4 District Hospitals, 2 Sub-District Hospitals, 42 Dispensaries, 17 Health Centres, 21 Medical Clinics and 2 nursing homes.
Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, urinary tract infections, diarrhoea and malnutrition.
Notable Hospitals: Bute, Griftu, Habaswein, and Wajir Districts Hospitals.
With the adoption of the new constitution in 2010 which ushered in the devolved system of governance, the Governor is the Executive authority in the County together with his deputy, the Senator is to represent the County at the Senate and through affirmation of women and youth rights, the Woman Representative is to represent the County’s women and youth issues at the National Assembly.
GOVERNOR: MOHAMAD ABDI MAHAMUD
DEPUTY GOVERNOR: AHMED ALI MUKTAR
SENATOR: ABDULLAHI IBRAHIM ALI
WOMEN REPRESENTATIVE: FATUMA GEDI ALI
Wajir County has six (6) constituencies which are further divided into 30 electoral wards with Wajir North and Wajir South having 7 wards each, while the rest; Wajir West, Wajir East, Tarbaj and Eldas have 4 wards each.
The main economic activity is pastrolism with some agro-pastrolism and rain-fed agriculture being practised on a small scale basis in the northern higher altitude regions of the county. The large tracts of land in the county provide the grazing pastures for the large camel and cattle herds present in the county with a high dependence on groundwater. Harvesting undertaken from numerous wells, earth pans, dams and boreholes is made possible due to the high water table.
Other economic activities include trading and commercial businesses.
The county has solar and wind energy potential as well as mineral resources such as limestone and sand.